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Source code for galaxy.util.path

"""Path manipulation functions.
"""

import errno
import importlib
import logging
import shlex
import types
from functools import partial
from itertools import starmap
from operator import getitem
from os import (
    extsep,
    makedirs,
    PathLike,
    stat,
    walk,
)
from os.path import (
    abspath,
    basename,
    dirname,
    exists,
    isabs,
    islink,
    join,
    normpath,
    pardir,
    realpath,
    relpath,
    sep as separator,
)
from pathlib import Path
from typing import (
    AnyStr,
    Iterator,
    List,
    Optional,
    Tuple,
    TYPE_CHECKING,
    Union,
)

try:
    from grp import getgrgid
except ImportError:
    getgrgid = None  # type: ignore[assignment]

try:
    from pwd import getpwuid
except ImportError:
    getpwuid = None  # type: ignore[assignment]

import galaxy.util

# Stable in Python 3.10 path types
if TYPE_CHECKING:
    StrPath = Union[str, PathLike[str]]
    BytesPath = Union[bytes, PathLike[bytes]]
    GenericPath = Union[AnyStr, PathLike[AnyStr]]
    StrOrBytesPath = Union[str, bytes, PathLike[str], PathLike[bytes]]
else:
    StrPath = Union[str, PathLike]
    BytesPath = Union[bytes, PathLike]
    GenericPath = Union[AnyStr, PathLike]
    StrOrBytesPath = Union[str, bytes, PathLike, PathLike]

AllowListT = Optional[List[GenericPath]]

WALK_MAX_DIRS = 10000

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)


def safe_path(path: GenericPath, allowlist: AllowListT = None):
    """Ensure that a the absolute location of the path (after following symlinks) is either itself or on the allowlist
    of acceptable locations.

    This function does not perform an existence check, thus, if the path does not exist, ``True`` is returned.

    :type path:         string
    :param path:        a path to check
    :type allowlist:    comma separated list of strings
    :param allowlist:   list of acceptable locations
    :return:            ``True`` if ``path`` resolves to itself or a allowlisted location
    """
    return any(__contains(dirname(path), path, allowlist=allowlist))


[docs]def safe_contains(prefix: GenericPath, path: GenericPath, allowlist: AllowListT = None, real=None): """Ensure a path is contained within another path. Given any two filesystem paths, ensure that ``path`` is contained in ``prefix``. If ``path`` exists (either as an absolute path or relative to ``prefix``), it is canonicalized with :func:`os.path.realpath` to ensure it is not a symbolic link that points outside of ``prefix``. If it is a symbolic link and ``allowlist`` is set, the symbolic link may also point inside a ``allowlist`` path. The ``path`` is checked against ``allowlist`` using either its absolute pathname (if passed in as absolute) or relative to ``prefix`` and canonicalized (if applicable). It is *not* ``os.path.join()``ed with each ``allowlist`` directory. :type prefix: string :param prefix: a directory under which ``path`` is to be checked :type path: string :param path: a filename to check :type allowlist: list of strings :param allowlist: list of additional paths under which ``path`` may be located :rtype: bool :returns: ``True`` if ``path`` is contained within ``prefix`` or ``allowlist``, ``False`` otherwise. """ return any(__contains(prefix, path, allowlist=allowlist, real=real))
class _SafeContainsDirectoryChecker: def __init__(self, dirpath, prefix, allowlist=None): self.allowlist = allowlist self.dirpath = dirpath self.prefix = prefix self.real_dirpath = realpath(join(prefix, dirpath)) def check(self, filename: GenericPath) -> bool: dirpath_path = join(self.real_dirpath, filename) if islink(dirpath_path): return safe_contains(self.prefix, filename, allowlist=self.allowlist) else: return safe_contains(self.prefix, filename, allowlist=self.allowlist, real=dirpath_path)
[docs]def safe_makedirs(path: GenericPath) -> None: """Safely make a directory, do not fail if it already exists or is created during execution. :type path: string :param path: a directory to create """ # prechecking for existence is faster than try/except if not exists(path): try: makedirs(path) except OSError as e: # reviewing the source for Python 2.7, this would only ever happen for the last path element anyway so no # need to recurse - this exception means the last part of the path was already in existence. if e.errno != errno.EEXIST: raise
[docs]def safe_relpath(path: GenericPath) -> bool: """Determine whether a relative path references a path outside its root. This is a path computation: the filesystem is not accessed to confirm the existence or nature of ``path``. :type path: string :param path: a path to check :rtype: bool :returns: ``True`` if path is relative and does not reference a path in a parent directory, ``False`` otherwise. """ return not (isabs(path) or normpath(path).startswith(pardir))
[docs]def safe_walk(path, allowlist=None): """Walk a path and return only the contents that are not symlinks outside the path. Symbolic links are followed if a allowlist is provided. The path itself cannot be a symbolic link unless the pointed to location is in the allowlist. :type path: string :param path: a directory to check for unsafe contents :type allowlist: list of strings :param allowlist: list of additional paths under which contents may be located :rtype: iterator :returns: Iterator of "safe" ``os.walk()`` tuples found under ``path`` """ for i, elems in enumerate(walk(path, followlinks=bool(allowlist)), start=1): dirpath, dirnames, filenames = elems _check = _SafeContainsDirectoryChecker(dirpath, path, allowlist=allowlist).check if allowlist and i % WALK_MAX_DIRS == 0: raise RuntimeError( "Breaking out of walk of %r after %s iterations (most likely infinite symlink recursion) at: %r" % (path, WALK_MAX_DIRS, dirpath) ) _prefix = partial(join, dirpath) prune = False for dname in dirnames: if not _check(join(dirpath, dname)): prune = True break if prune: dirnames = map(basename, filter(_check, map(_prefix, dirnames))) prune = False for filename in filenames: if not _check(join(dirpath, filename)): prune = True break if prune: filenames = map(basename, filter(_check, map(_prefix, filenames))) yield (dirpath, dirnames, filenames)
[docs]def unsafe_walk(path: GenericPath, allowlist: AllowListT = None, username: Optional[str] = None): """Walk a path and ensure that none of its contents are symlinks outside the path. It is assumed that ``path`` itself has already been validated e.g. with :func:`safe_relpath` or :func:`safe_contains`. This function is most useful for the case where you want to test whether a directory contains safe paths, but do not want to actually walk the safe contents. :type path: string :param path: a directory to check for unsafe contents :type allowlist: list of strings :param allowlist: list of additional paths under which contents may be located :rtype: list of strings :returns: A list of "bad" files found under ``path`` """ unsafe_paths = [] for walked_path in __walk(abspath(path)): is_safe = safe_contains(path, walked_path, allowlist=allowlist) if username and is_safe: is_safe = full_path_permission_for_user(path, walked_path, username=username, skip_prefix=True) if not is_safe: unsafe_paths.append(walked_path) return unsafe_paths
def __path_permission_for_user(path: GenericPath, username: str) -> bool: """ :type path: string :param path: a directory or file to check :type username: string :param username: a username matching the systems username """ if getpwuid is None or getgrgid is None: raise NotImplementedError("This functionality is not implemented for Windows.") group_id_of_file = stat(path).st_gid file_owner = getpwuid(stat(path).st_uid) group_members = getgrgid(group_id_of_file).gr_mem oct_mode = oct(stat(path).st_mode) owner_permissions = int(oct_mode[-3]) group_permissions = int(oct_mode[-2]) other_permissions = int(oct_mode[-1]) if ( other_permissions >= 4 or (file_owner == username and owner_permissions >= 4) or (username in group_members and group_permissions >= 4) ): return True return False def full_path_permission_for_user(prefix, path, username: str, skip_prefix=False): """ Assuming username is identical to the os username, this checks that the given user can read the specified path by checking the file permission and each parent directory permission. :type prefix: string :param prefix: a directory under which ``path`` is to be checked :type path: string :param path: a filename to check :type username: string :param username: a username matching the systems username :type skip_prefix: bool :param skip_prefix: skip the given prefix from being checked for permissions """ full_path = realpath(join(prefix, path)) top_path = realpath(prefix) if skip_prefix else None can_read = __path_permission_for_user(full_path, username) if can_read: depth = 0 max_depth = full_path.count(separator) parent_path = dirname(full_path) while can_read and depth != max_depth: if parent_path in [separator, top_path]: break if not __path_permission_for_user(parent_path, username): can_read = False depth += 1 parent_path = dirname(parent_path) return can_read
[docs]def joinext(root: str, ext: str) -> str: """ Roughly the reverse of os.path.splitext. :type root: string :param root: part of the filename before the extension :type root: string :param ext: the extension :rtype: string :returns: ``root`` joined with ``ext`` separated by a single ``os.extsep`` """ return extsep.join((root.rstrip(extsep), ext.lstrip(extsep)))
[docs]def has_ext(path: AnyStr, ext: str, aliases=False, ignore=None): """ Determine whether ``path`` has extension ``ext`` :type path: string :param path: Path to check :type ext: string :param ext: Extension to check :type aliases: bool :param aliases: Check any known aliases for the given extension :type ignore: string :param ignore: Ignore this extension at the end of the path (e.g. ``sample``) :rtype: bool :returns: ``True`` if path is a YAML file, ``False`` otherwise. """ ext = __ext_strip_sep(ext) root, _ext = __splitext_ignore(path, ignore=ignore) if aliases: return _ext in extensions[ext] else: return _ext == ext
[docs]def get_ext(path: AnyStr, ignore=None, canonicalize=True) -> str: """ Return the extension of ``path`` :type path: string :param path: Path to check :type ignore: string :param ignore: Ignore this extension at the end of the path (e.g. ``sample``) :type canonicalize: bool :param canonicalize: If the extension is known to this module, return the canonicalized extension instead of the file's actual extension :rtype: string """ root, ext = __splitext_ignore(path, ignore=ignore) if canonicalize: try: ext = extensions.canonicalize(ext) except KeyError: pass # should do something else here? return ext
class Extensions(dict): """Mappings for extension aliases. A dict-like object that returns values for keys that are not mapped if the key can be found in any of the dict's values (which should be sequence types). The first item in the sequence should match the key and is the "canonicalization". """ def __missing__(self, key): for v in self.values(): if key in v: self[key] = v return v raise KeyError(key) def canonicalize(self, ext: str) -> str: # shouldn't raise an IndexError because it should raise a KeyError first return self[ext][0] extensions = Extensions( { "ini": ["ini"], "json": ["json"], "yaml": ["yaml", "yml"], } ) def external_chown(path, pwent, external_chown_script, description="file"): """ call the external chown script to change the user and group of the given path, and additional description of the file/path for the log message can be given return True in case of success """ try: if not external_chown_script: raise ValueError("external_chown_script is not defined") if Path(path).owner() == pwent[0]: return True cmd = shlex.split(external_chown_script) cmd.extend([path, pwent[0], str(pwent[3])]) log.debug(f"Changing ownership of {path} with: '{galaxy.util.shlex_join(cmd)}'") galaxy.util.commands.execute(cmd) return True except galaxy.util.commands.CommandLineException as e: log.warning(f"Changing ownership of {description} {path} failed: {galaxy.util.unicodify(e)}") return False def __listify(item) -> Union[list, tuple]: """A non-splitting version of :func:`galaxy.util.listify`.""" if not item: return [] elif isinstance(item, list) or isinstance(item, tuple): return item else: return [item] # helpers def __walk(path: GenericPath) -> Iterator[GenericPath]: for dirpath, dirnames, filenames in walk(path): for name in dirnames: yield join(dirpath, name) for name in filenames: yield join(dirpath, name) def __contains( prefix: GenericPath, path: GenericPath, allowlist: AllowListT = None, real: Optional[GenericPath] = None ): real = real or realpath(join(prefix, path)) yield not relpath(real, prefix).startswith(pardir) for aldir in allowlist or []: # a path is under the allowlist if the relative path between it and the allowlist does not have to go up (..) yield not relpath(real, aldir).startswith(pardir) def __ext_strip_sep(ext: str) -> str: return ext.lstrip(extsep) def __splitext_no_sep(path: AnyStr) -> List[str]: path_as_str = galaxy.util.unicodify(path) return (path_as_str.rsplit(extsep, 1) + [""])[0:2] def __splitext_ignore(path: AnyStr, ignore: Optional[Union[List[str], Tuple[str]]] = None) -> Tuple[str, str]: # note: unlike os.path.splitext this strips extsep from ext ignore_map = map(__ext_strip_sep, __listify(ignore)) root, ext = __splitext_no_sep(path) if ext in ignore_map: new_path = path[0 : (-len(ext) - 1)] root, ext = __splitext_no_sep(new_path) return (root, ext) # cross-platform support def _build_self(target: types.ModuleType, path_module: types.ModuleType) -> None: """Populate a module with the same exported functions as this module, but using the given os.path module. :type target: module :param target: module on which to set ``galaxy.util.path`` functions :type path_module: ``ntpath`` or ``posixpath`` module :param path_module: module implementing ``os.path`` API to use for path functions """ self_copy = importlib.import_module(__name__) self_copy.__set_fxns_on(target, path_module) def __set_fxns_on(target, path_module): """Overrides imported os.path functions with the ones from path_module and populates target with the global functions from this module. """ for name in __pathfxns__: globals()[name] = getattr(path_module, name) __get = partial(getitem, globals()) __set = partial(setattr, target) # this is actually izip(..., imap(...)) __fxns = zip(__all__, map(__get, __all__)) # list() to execute list(starmap(__set, __fxns)) __pathfxns__ = ( "abspath", "basename", "exists", "isabs", "join", "normpath", "pardir", "realpath", "relpath", ) __all__ = ( "extensions", "get_ext", "has_ext", "join", "joinext", "safe_contains", "safe_makedirs", "safe_relpath", "safe_walk", "unsafe_walk", )