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Source code for galaxy.containers.docker

Interface to Docker

import logging
import os
import shlex
from functools import partial
from itertools import cycle, repeat
from time import sleep
from typing import Any, Dict, Optional, Type

    import docker
except ImportError:
    docker = None  # type: ignore[assignment]

    from requests.exceptions import ConnectionError, ReadTimeout
except ImportError:
    ConnectionError = None  # type: ignore[assignment,misc]
    ReadTimeout = None  # type: ignore[assignment,misc]

from galaxy.containers import Container, ContainerInterface
from galaxy.containers.docker_decorators import (
from galaxy.containers.docker_model import (
from galaxy.exceptions import (
from galaxy.util.json import safe_dumps_formatted

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

[docs]class DockerInterface(ContainerInterface): container_class: Type[Container] = DockerContainer volume_class = DockerVolume conf_defaults: Dict[str, Optional[Any]] = { 'host': None, 'tls': False, 'force_tlsverify': False, 'auto_remove': True, 'image': None, 'cpus': None, 'memory': None, } # These values are inserted into kwopts for run commands conf_run_kwopts = ( 'cpus', 'memory', )
[docs] def validate_config(self): super().validate_config() self.__host_iter = None if self._conf.host is None or isinstance(self._conf.host, str): self.__host_iter = repeat(self._conf.host) else: self.__host_iter = cycle(self._conf.host)
@property def _default_image(self): assert self._conf.image is not None, "No default image for this docker interface" return self._conf.image
[docs] def run_in_container(self, command, image=None, **kwopts): for opt in self.conf_run_kwopts: if self._conf[opt]: kwopts[opt] = self._conf[opt] self.set_kwopts_name(kwopts) return self.run(command, image=image, **kwopts)
[docs] def image_repodigest(self, image): """Get the digest image string for an image. :type image: str :param image: image id or image name and optionally, tag :returns: digest string, having the format `<name>@<hash_alg>:<digest>`, e.g.: `'bgruening/docker-jupyter-notebook@sha256:3ec0bc9abc9d511aa602ee4fff2534d80dd9b1564482de52cb5de36cce6debae'` or, the original image name if the digest cannot be determined (the image has not been pulled) """ try: inspect = self.image_inspect(image) return inspect['RepoDigests'][0] except ContainerImageNotFound: return image
@property def host(self): return next(self.__host_iter) @property def host_iter(self): return self.__host_iter
[docs]class DockerCLIInterface(DockerInterface): container_type = 'docker_cli' conf_defaults: Dict[str, Optional[Any]] = { 'command_template': '{executable} {global_kwopts} {subcommand} {args}', 'executable': 'docker', } option_map = { # `run` options 'environment': {'flag': '--env', 'type': 'list_of_kvpairs'}, 'volumes': {'flag': '--volume', 'type': 'docker_volumes'}, 'name': {'flag': '--name', 'type': 'string'}, 'detach': {'flag': '--detach', 'type': 'boolean'}, 'publish_all_ports': {'flag': '--publish-all', 'type': 'boolean'}, 'publish_port_random': {'flag': '--publish', 'type': 'string'}, 'auto_remove': {'flag': '--rm', 'type': 'boolean'}, 'cpus': {'flag': '--cpus', 'type': 'string'}, 'memory': {'flag': '--memory', 'type': 'string'}, }
[docs] def validate_config(self): log.warning('The `docker_cli` interface is deprecated and will be removed in Galaxy 18.09, please use `docker`') super().validate_config() global_kwopts = [] if self._conf.host: global_kwopts.append('--host') global_kwopts.append(shlex.quote(self._conf.host)) if self._conf.force_tlsverify: global_kwopts.append('--tlsverify') self._docker_command = self._conf['command_template'].format( executable=self._conf['executable'], global_kwopts=' '.join(global_kwopts), subcommand='{subcommand}', args='{args}' )
def _filter_by_id_or_name(self, id, name): if id: return f'--filter id={id}' elif name: return f'--filter name={name}' return None def _stringify_kwopt_docker_volumes(self, flag, val): """The docker API will take a volumes argument in many formats, try to deal with that for the command line """ kwopt_list = [] if isinstance(val, list): # ['/host/vol'] kwopt_list = val else: for hostvol, guestopts in val.items(): if isinstance(guestopts, str): # {'/host/vol': '/container/vol'} kwopt_list.append(f'{hostvol}:{guestopts}') else: # {'/host/vol': {'bind': '/container/vol'}} # {'/host/vol': {'bind': '/container/vol', 'mode': 'rw'}} mode = guestopts.get('mode', '') kwopt_list.append('{vol}:{bind}{mode}'.format( vol=hostvol, bind=guestopts['bind'], mode=f":{mode}" if mode else '' )) return self._stringify_kwopt_list(flag, kwopt_list) def _run_docker(self, subcommand, args=None, verbose=False): command = self._docker_command.format(subcommand=subcommand, args=args or '') return self._run_command(command, verbose=verbose) # # docker subcommands #
[docs] @docker_columns def ps(self, id=None, name=None): return self._run_docker(subcommand='ps', args=self._filter_by_id_or_name(id, name))
[docs] def run(self, command, image=None, **kwopts): args = '{kwopts} {image} {command}'.format( kwopts=self._stringify_kwopts(kwopts), image=image or self._default_image, command=command if command else '' ).strip() container_id = self._run_docker(subcommand='run', args=args, verbose=True) return DockerContainer.from_id(self, container_id)
[docs] @docker_json def inspect(self, container_id): try: return self._run_docker(subcommand='inspect', args=container_id)[0] except (IndexError, ContainerCLIError) as exc: msg = f"Invalid container id: {container_id}" if exc.stdout == '[]' and exc.stderr == f'Error: no such object: {container_id}': log.warning(msg) return [] else: raise ContainerNotFound(msg, container_id=container_id)
[docs] @docker_json def image_inspect(self, image): try: return self._run_docker(subcommand='image inspect', args=image)[0] except (IndexError, ContainerCLIError) as exc: msg = f"{image} not pulled, cannot get digest" if exc.stdout == '[]' and exc.stderr == f'Error: no such image: {image}': log.warning(msg, image) return [] else: raise ContainerImageNotFound(msg, image=image)
[docs]class DockerAPIClient: """Wraps a ``docker.APIClient`` to catch exceptions. """ _exception_retry_time = 5 _default_max_tries = 10 _host_iter = None _client = None _client_args = () _client_kwargs: Dict[str, Optional[Any]] = {} @staticmethod def _qualname(f): if isinstance(f, partial): f = f.func try: return getattr(f, '__qualname__', f"{f.im_class.__name__}.{f.__name__}") except AttributeError: return f.__name__ @staticmethod def _should_retry_request(response_code): return response_code >= 500 or response_code in (404, 408, 409, 429) @staticmethod def _nonfatal_error(response_code): return response_code in (404,) @staticmethod def _unwrapped_attr(attr): return getattr(DockerAPIClient._client, attr) @staticmethod def _init_client(): kwargs = DockerAPIClient._client_kwargs.copy() if DockerAPIClient._host_iter is not None and 'base_url' not in kwargs: kwargs['base_url'] = next(DockerAPIClient._host_iter) DockerAPIClient._client = docker.APIClient(*DockerAPIClient._client_args, **kwargs) log.info('Initialized Docker API client for server: %s', kwargs.get('base_url', 'localhost')) @staticmethod def _default_client_handler(fname, *args, **kwargs): success_test = kwargs.pop('success_test', None) max_tries = kwargs.pop('max_tries', DockerAPIClient._default_max_tries) for tries in range(1, max_tries + 1): retry_time = DockerAPIClient._exception_retry_time reinit = False # re-get the APIClient method every time as a different caller (such as the success test function) may have # already reinitialized the client, and we always want to use the current client f = DockerAPIClient._unwrapped_attr(fname) qualname = DockerAPIClient._qualname(f) try: r = f(*args, **kwargs) if tries > 1: log.info('%s() succeeded on attempt %s', qualname, tries) return r except (ConnectionError, docker.errors.APIError, ReadTimeout) as exc: if isinstance(exc, ConnectionError): reinit = True elif isinstance(exc, docker.errors.APIError): if not DockerAPIClient._should_retry_request(exc.response.status_code): raise else: # ReadTimeout reinit = True retry_time = 0 log.warning("Caught exception on %s(): %s: %s", DockerAPIClient._qualname(f), exc.__class__.__name__, exc) if reinit: log.warning("Reinitializing Docker API client due to connection-oriented failure") DockerAPIClient._init_client() f = DockerAPIClient._unwrapped_attr(fname) qualname = DockerAPIClient._qualname(f) r = None if success_test is not None: log.info("Testing if %s() succeeded despite the exception", qualname) r = success_test() if r: log.warning("The request appears to have succeeded, will not retry. Response is: %s", str(r)) return r elif tries >= max_tries: log.error("Maximum number of attempts (%s) exceeded", max_tries) if 'response' in exc and DockerAPIClient._nonfatal_error(exc.response.status_code): return None else: raise else: log.error("Retrying %s() in %s seconds (attempt: %s of %s)", qualname, retry_time, tries, max_tries) sleep(retry_time)
[docs] def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): # Only initialize the host iterator once host_iter = kwargs.pop('host_iter', None) DockerAPIClient._host_iter = DockerAPIClient._host_iter or host_iter DockerAPIClient._client_args = args DockerAPIClient._client_kwargs = kwargs DockerAPIClient._init_client()
def __getattr__(self, attr): """Allow the calling of methods on this class as if it were a docker.APIClient instance. """ cattr = DockerAPIClient._unwrapped_attr(attr) if callable(cattr): return partial(DockerAPIClient._default_client_handler, attr) else: return cattr
[docs]class DockerAPIInterface(DockerInterface): container_type = 'docker' # 'publish_port_random' and 'volumes' are special cases handled in _create_host_config() host_config_option_map = { 'auto_remove': {}, 'publish_all_ports': {}, 'cpus': {'param': 'nano_cpus', 'map': lambda x: int(x * 1000000000)}, 'memory': {'param': 'mem_limit'}, 'binds': {}, 'port_bindings': {}, }
[docs] def validate_config(self): assert docker is not None, "Docker module could not be imported, DockerAPIInterface unavailable" super().validate_config() self.__client = None
@property def _client(self): # TODO: add cert options to containers conf cert_path = os.environ.get('DOCKER_CERT_PATH') or None if not cert_path: cert_path = os.path.join(os.path.expanduser('~'), '.docker') if self._conf.force_tlsverify or self._conf.tls: tls_config = docker.tls.TLSConfig( client_cert=(os.path.join(cert_path, 'cert.pem'), os.path.join(cert_path, 'key.pem')), ca_cert=os.path.join(cert_path, 'ca.pem'), verify=self._conf.force_tlsverify, ) else: tls_config = False if not self.__client: self.__client = DockerAPIClient( host_iter=self.host_iter, tls=tls_config, ) return self.__client @staticmethod def _first(f, *args, **kwargs): try: return f(*args, **kwargs)[0] except IndexError: return None @staticmethod def _filter_by_id_or_name(id, name): if id: return {'id': id} elif name: return {'name': name} return None @staticmethod def _kwopt_to_param_names(map_spec, key): """For a given containers lib method parameter name, return the matching docker-py parameter name(s). See :meth:`_create_docker_api_spec`. """ params = [] if 'param' not in map_spec and 'params' not in map_spec: params.append(key) elif 'param' in map_spec: params.append(map_spec['param']) params.extend(map_spec.get('params', ())) return params @staticmethod def _kwopt_to_params(map_spec, key, value): """For a given containers lib method parameter name and value, return the matching docker-py parameters with values set (including transformation with an optional map function). See :meth:`_create_docker_api_spec`. """ params = {} if 'map' in map_spec: value = map_spec['map'](value) for param in DockerAPIInterface._kwopt_to_param_names(map_spec, key): params[param] = value return params def _create_docker_api_spec(self, option_map_name, spec_class, kwopts): """Create docker-py objects used as arguments to docker-py methods. This method modifies ``kwopts`` by removing options that match the spec. An option map is a class-level variable with name ``<map_name>_option_map`` and is a dict with format: .. code-block:: python sample_option_map = { 'containers_lib_option_name': { 'param': docker_lib_positional_argument_int or 'docker_lib_keyword_argument_name', 'params': like 'param' but an iterable containing multiple docker lib params to set, 'default': default value, 'map': function with with to transform the value, 'required': True if this param is required, else False (default), }, '_spec_param': { 'spec_class': class of param value, } } All members of the mapping value are optional. For example, a spec map for (some of) the possible values of the :class:`docker.types.TaskTemplate`, which is used as the ``task_template`` argument to :meth:`docker.APIClient.create_service`, and the possible values of the :class`:docker.types.ContainerSpec`, which is used as the ``container_spec`` argument to the ``TaskTemplate`` would be: .. code-block:: python task_template_option_map = { # TaskTemplate's 'container_spec' param is a ContainerSpec '_container_spec': { 'spec_class': docker.types.ContainerSpec, 'required': True } } container_spec_option_map = { 'image': {'param': 0}, # positional argument 0 to ContainerSpec() 'command': {}, # 'command' keyword argument to ContainerSpec() 'environment': { # 'env' keyword argument to ContainerSpec(), 'environment' keyword argument 'param': 'env' # to ContainerInterface.run_in_container() }, } Thus, calling ``DockerInterface.run_in_contaner('true', image='busybox', environment={'FOO': 'foo'}`` will essentially do this (for example, if using Docker Swarm mode): .. code-block:: python container_spec = docker.types.ContainerSpec('busybox', command='true', env={'FOO': 'foo'}) task_template = docker.types.TaskTemplate(container_spec=container_spec) docker.APIClient().create_service(task_template) :param option_map_name: Name of option map class variable (``_option_map`` is automatically appended) :type option_map_name: str :param spec_class: docker-py specification class or callable returning an instance :type spec_class: :class:`docker.types.Resources`, :class:`docker.types.ContainerSpec`, etc. or callable :param kwopts: Keyword options passed to calling method (e.g. :meth:`DockerInterface.run_in_container`) :type kwopts: dict :returns: Instantiated ``spec_class`` object :rtype: ``type(spec_class)`` """ def _kwopt_to_arg(map_spec, key, value, param=None): # determines whether the given param is a positional or keyword argument in docker-py and adds it to the # list of arguments if isinstance(map_spec.get('param'), int): spec_opts.append((map_spec.get('param'), value)) elif param is not None: spec_kwopts[param] = value else: spec_kwopts.update(DockerAPIInterface._kwopt_to_params(map_spec, key, value)) # positional arguments spec_opts = [] # keyword arguments spec_kwopts = {} # retrieve the option map for the docker-py object we're creating option_map = getattr(self, f"{option_map_name}_option_map") # set defaults for key in filter(lambda k: option_map[k].get('default'), option_map.keys()): map_spec = option_map[key] _kwopt_to_arg(map_spec, key, map_spec['default']) # don't allow kwopts that start with _, those are reserved for "child" object params for kwopt in filter(lambda k: not k.startswith('_') and k in option_map, list(kwopts.keys())): map_spec = option_map[kwopt] _v = kwopts.pop(kwopt) _kwopt_to_arg(map_spec, kwopt, _v) # find any child objects that need to be created and recurse to create them for _sub_k in filter(lambda k: k.startswith('_') and 'spec_class' in option_map[k], option_map.keys()): map_spec = option_map[_sub_k] param = _sub_k.lstrip('_') _sub_v = self._create_docker_api_spec(param, map_spec['spec_class'], kwopts) if _sub_v is not None or map_spec.get('required') or isinstance(map_spec.get('param'), int): _kwopt_to_arg(map_spec, None, _sub_v, param=param) # sort positional args and make into a flat tuple if spec_opts: spec_opts = sorted(spec_opts, key=lambda x: x[0]) spec_opts = [i[1] for i in spec_opts] # create spec object if spec_opts or spec_kwopts: return spec_class(*spec_opts, **spec_kwopts) else: return None def _volumes_to_native(self, volumes): """Convert a list of volume definitions to the docker-py container creation method parameters. :param volumes: List of volumes to translate :type volumes: list of :class:`galaxy.containers.docker_model.DockerVolume`s """ paths = [] binds = {} for v in volumes: path, bind = v.to_native() paths.append(path) binds.update(bind) return (paths, binds) def _create_host_config(self, kwopts): """Build the host configuration parameter for docker-py container creation. This method modifies ``kwopts`` by removing host config options and potentially setting the ``ports`` and ``volumes`` keys. :param kwopts: Keyword options passed to calling method (e.g. :method:`DockerInterface.run()`) :type kwopts: dict :returns: The return value of `docker.APIClient.create_host_config()` :rtype: dict """ if 'publish_port_random' in kwopts: port = int(kwopts.pop('publish_port_random')) kwopts['port_bindings'] = {port: None} kwopts['ports'] = [port] if 'volumes' in kwopts: paths, binds = self._volumes_to_native(kwopts.pop('volumes')) kwopts['binds'] = binds kwopts['volumes'] = paths return self._create_docker_api_spec('host_config', self._client.create_host_config, kwopts) # # docker subcommands #
[docs] def ps(self, id=None, name=None, running=True): return self._client.containers(all=not running, filters=self._filter_by_id_or_name(id, name))
[docs] def run(self, command, image=None, **kwopts): image = image or self._default_image command = command or None log.debug("Creating docker container with image '%s' for command: %s", image, command) host_config = self._create_host_config(kwopts) log.debug("Docker container host configuration:\n%s", safe_dumps_formatted(host_config)) log.debug("Docker container creation parameters:\n%s", safe_dumps_formatted(kwopts)) success_test = partial(self._first, self.ps, name=kwopts['name'], running=False) # this can raise exceptions, if necessary we could wrap them in a more generic "creation failed" exception class container = self._client.create_container( image, command=command if command else None, host_config=host_config, success_test=success_test, max_tries=5, **kwopts ) container_id = container.get('Id') log.debug("Starting container: %s (%s)", kwopts['name'], str(container_id)) # start can safely be run more than once self._client.start(container=container_id) return DockerContainer.from_id(self, container_id)
[docs] def inspect(self, container_id): try: return self._client.inspect_container(container_id) except docker.errors.NotFound: raise ContainerNotFound(f"Invalid container id: {container_id}", container_id=container_id)
[docs] def image_inspect(self, image): try: return self._client.inspect_image(image) except docker.errors.NotFound: raise ContainerImageNotFound(f"{image} not pulled, cannot get digest", image=image)