Source code for galaxy.managers.base

Keeps the older BaseController security and fetching methods and also
defines a base ModelManager, ModelSerializer, and ModelDeserializer.

ModelManagers are used for operations on models that occur outside the scope of
a single model object, such as:

- object creation
- object lookup
- interactions between 2+ objects of different model classes

(Since these were to replace model Mixins from
web/framework/base/ the rule of thumb used there also generally
has been applied here: if it uses the trans or sa_session, put it in a manager
and not the model.)

ModelSerializers allow flexible conversion of model objects to dictionaries.
They control what keys are sent, how values are simplified, can remap keys,
and allow both predefined and user controlled key sets.

ModelDeserializers control how a model validates and process an incoming
attribute change to a model object.
# TODO: it may be there's a better way to combine the above three classes
#   such as: a single flat class, serializers being singletons in the manager, etc.
#   instead of the three separate classes. With no 'apparent' perfect scheme
#   I'm opting to just keep them separate.
import datetime
import logging
import re
from typing import Callable, Dict, List, Optional, Set, Type

import routes
import sqlalchemy
from sqlalchemy.orm.scoping import scoped_session

from galaxy import exceptions
from galaxy import model
from galaxy.model import tool_shed_install
from galaxy.structured_app import BasicApp, MinimalManagerApp
from galaxy.util import namedtuple

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

parsed_filter = namedtuple("ParsedFilter", "filter_type filter")

# ==== accessors from base/
[docs]def security_check(trans, item, check_ownership=False, check_accessible=False): """ Security checks for an item: checks if (a) user owns item or (b) item is accessible to user. This is a generic method for dealing with objects uniformly from the older controller mixin code - however whenever possible the managers for a particular model should be used to perform security checks. """ # all items are accessible to an admin if trans.user_is_admin: return item # Verify ownership: there is a current user and that user is the same as the item's if check_ownership: if not trans.user: raise exceptions.ItemOwnershipException("Must be logged in to manage Galaxy items", type='error') if item.user != trans.user: raise exceptions.ItemOwnershipException("%s is not owned by the current user" % item.__class__.__name__, type='error') # Verify accessible: # if it's part of a lib - can they access via security # if it's something else (sharable) have they been added to the item's users_shared_with_dot_users if check_accessible: if type(item) in (,, if not, item, trans.user): raise exceptions.ItemAccessibilityException("%s is not accessible to the current user" % item.__class__.__name__, type='error') else: if (item.user != trans.user) and (not item.importable) and (trans.user not in item.users_shared_with_dot_users): raise exceptions.ItemAccessibilityException("%s is not accessible to the current user" % item.__class__.__name__, type='error') return item
[docs]def get_class(class_name): """ Returns the class object that a string denotes. Without this method, we'd have to do eval(<class_name>). """ if class_name == 'ToolShedRepository': item_class = tool_shed_install.ToolShedRepository else: if not hasattr(model, class_name): raise exceptions.MessageException("Item class '%s' not available." % class_name) item_class = getattr(model, class_name) return item_class
[docs]def decode_id(app, id): # note: use str - occasionally a fully numeric id will be placed in post body and parsed as int via JSON # resulting in error for valid id return
[docs]def get_object(trans, id, class_name, check_ownership=False, check_accessible=False, deleted=None): """ Convenience method to get a model object with the specified checks. This is a generic method for dealing with objects uniformly from the older controller mixin code - however whenever possible the managers for a particular model should be used to load objects. """ decoded_id = decode_id(, id) try: item_class = get_class(class_name) assert item_class is not None item = trans.sa_session.query(item_class).get(decoded_id) assert item is not None except Exception: log.exception(f"Invalid {class_name} id ( {id} ) specified.") raise exceptions.MessageException(f"Invalid {class_name} id ( {id} ) specified", type="error") if check_ownership or check_accessible: security_check(trans, item, check_ownership, check_accessible) if deleted is True and not item.deleted: raise exceptions.ItemDeletionException('%s "%s" is not deleted' % (class_name, getattr(item, 'name', id)), type="warning") elif deleted is False and item.deleted: raise exceptions.ItemDeletionException('%s "%s" is deleted' % (class_name, getattr(item, 'name', id)), type="warning") return item
# =============================================================================
[docs]def munge_lists(listA, listB): """ Combine two lists into a single list. (While allowing them to be None, non-lists, or lists.) """ # TODO: there's nothing specifically filter or model-related here - move to util if listA is None: return listB if listB is None: return listA if not isinstance(listA, list): listA = [listA] if not isinstance(listB, list): listB = [listB] return listA + listB
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
[docs]class ModelManager: """ Base class for all model/resource managers. Provides common queries and CRUD operations as a (hopefully) light layer over the ORM. """ model_class: type = object foreign_key_name: str app: BasicApp
[docs] def __init__(self, app: BasicApp): = app
[docs] def session(self) -> scoped_session: return
def _session_setattr(self, item, attr, val, fn=None, flush=True): if fn: fn(item, attr, val) else: setattr(item, attr, val) self.session().add(item) if flush: self.session().flush() return item # .... query foundation wrapper
[docs] def query(self, eagerloads=True, **kwargs): """ Return a basic query from model_class, filters, order_by, and limit and offset. Set eagerloads to False to disable them for this query. """ query = self.session().query(self.model_class) # joined table loading if eagerloads is False: query = query.enable_eagerloads(False) return self._filter_and_order_query(query, **kwargs)
def _filter_and_order_query(self, query, filters=None, order_by=None, limit=None, offset=None, **kwargs): # TODO: not a lot of functional cohesion here query = self._apply_orm_filters(query, filters) query = self._apply_order_by(query, order_by) query = self._apply_orm_limit_offset(query, limit, offset) return query # .... filters def _apply_orm_filters(self, query, filters): """ Add any filters to the given query. """ if filters is None: return query if not isinstance(filters, list): filters = [filters] # note: implicit AND for filter in filters: query = query.filter(filter) return query def _munge_filters(self, filtersA, filtersB): """ Combine two lists into a single list. (While allowing them to be None, non-lists, or lists.) """ return munge_lists(filtersA, filtersB) # .... order, limit, and offset def _apply_order_by(self, query, order_by): """ Return the query after adding the order_by clauses. Use the manager's default_order_by if order_by is None. """ if order_by is None: return query.order_by(*self._default_order_by()) if isinstance(order_by, (list, tuple)): return query.order_by(*order_by) return query.order_by(order_by) def _default_order_by(self): """ Returns a tuple of columns for the default order when getting multiple models. """ return (self.model_class.create_time, ) def _apply_orm_limit_offset(self, query, limit, offset): """ Return the query after applying the given limit and offset (if not None). """ if limit is not None: query = query.limit(limit) if offset is not None: query = query.offset(offset) return query # .... query resolution
[docs] def one(self, **kwargs): """ Sends kwargs to build the query and returns one and only one model. """ query = self.query(**kwargs) return self._one_with_recast_errors(query)
def _one_with_recast_errors(self, query): """ Call sqlalchemy's one and recast errors to serializable errors if any. :raises exceptions.ObjectNotFound: if no model is found :raises exceptions.InconsistentDatabase: if more than one model is found """ # overridden to raise serializable errors try: return except sqlalchemy.orm.exc.NoResultFound: raise exceptions.ObjectNotFound(self.model_class.__name__ + ' not found') except sqlalchemy.orm.exc.MultipleResultsFound: raise exceptions.InconsistentDatabase('found more than one ' + self.model_class.__name__) def _one_or_none(self, query): """ Return the object if found, None if it's not. :raises exceptions.InconsistentDatabase: if more than one model is found """ try: return self._one_with_recast_errors(query) except exceptions.ObjectNotFound: return None # NOTE: at this layer, all ids are expected to be decoded and in int form
[docs] def by_id(self, id, **kwargs): """ Gets a model by primary id. """ id_filter = == id return, **kwargs)
# .... multirow queries
[docs] def list(self, filters=None, order_by=None, limit=None, offset=None, **kwargs): """ Returns all objects matching the given filters """ # list becomes a way of applying both filters generated in the orm (such as .user ==) # and functional filters that aren't currently possible using the orm (such as instance calcluated values # or annotations/tags). List splits those two filters and applies limits/offsets # only after functional filters (if any) using python. orm_filters, fn_filters = self._split_filters(filters) if not fn_filters: # if no fn_filtering required, we can use the 'all orm' version with limit offset return self._orm_list(filters=orm_filters, order_by=order_by, limit=limit, offset=offset, **kwargs) # fn filters will change the number of items returnable by limit/offset - remove them here from the orm query query = self.query(filters=orm_filters, order_by=order_by, limit=None, offset=None, **kwargs) items = query.all() # apply limit, offset after SQL filtering items = self._apply_fn_filters_gen(items, fn_filters) return list(self._apply_fn_limit_offset_gen(items, limit, offset))
def _split_filters(self, filters): """ Splits `filters` into a tuple of two lists: a list of filters to be added to the SQL query and a list of functional filters to be applied after the SQL query. """ orm_filters, fn_filters = ([], []) if filters is None: return (orm_filters, fn_filters) if not isinstance(filters, list): filters = [filters] for filter_ in filters: if not hasattr(filter_, 'filter_type'): orm_filters.append(filter_) elif filter_.filter_type == 'function': fn_filters.append(filter_.filter) elif filter_.filter_type == 'orm_function': orm_filters.append(filter_.filter(self.model_class)) else: orm_filters.append(filter_.filter) return (orm_filters, fn_filters) def _orm_list(self, query=None, **kwargs): """ Sends kwargs to build the query return all models found. """ query = query or self.query(**kwargs) return query.all() def _apply_fn_filters_gen(self, items, filters): """ If all the filter functions in `filters` return True for an item in `items`, yield that item. """ # cpu-expensive for item in items: filter_results = [f(item) for f in filters] if all(filter_results): yield item def _apply_fn_limit_offset_gen(self, items, limit, offset): """ Iterate over `items` and begin yielding items after `offset` number of items and stop when we've yielded `limit` number of items. """ # change negative limit, offset to None if limit is not None and limit < 0: limit = None if offset is not None and offset < 0: offset = None yielded = 0 for i, item in enumerate(items): if offset is not None and i < offset: continue if limit is not None and yielded >= limit: break yield item yielded += 1
[docs] def by_ids(self, ids, filters=None, **kwargs): """ Returns an in-order list of models with the matching ids in `ids`. """ if not ids: return [] ids_filter = parsed_filter("orm", found = self.list(filters=self._munge_filters(ids_filter, filters), **kwargs) # TODO: this does not order by the original 'ids' array # ...could use get (supposedly since found are in the session, the db won't be hit twice) # return map( self.session().query( self.model_class ).get, ids ) # ...could implement own version here - slow? return self._order_items_by_id(ids, found)
def _order_items_by_id(self, ids, items): """ Given a list of (unique) ids and a list of items having an 'id' attribute, return items that have the given ids in that order. If an id in ids is not found or if an item in items doesn't have a given id, they will not be in the returned list. """ ID_ATTR_NAME = 'id' # TODO:?? aside from sqlalx.get mentioned above, I haven't seen an in-SQL way # to make this happen. This may not be the most efficient way either. # NOTE: that this isn't sorting by id - this is matching the order in items to the order in ids # move items list into dict by id item_dict = {} for item in items: item_id = getattr(item, ID_ATTR_NAME, None) if item_id: item_dict[item_id] = item # pull from map in order of ids in_order = [] for id in ids: if id in item_dict: in_order.append(item_dict[id]) return in_order
[docs] def create(self, flush=True, *args, **kwargs): """ Generically create a new model. """ # override in subclasses item = self.model_class(*args, **kwargs) self.session().add(item) if flush: self.session().flush() return item
[docs] def copy(self, item, **kwargs): """ Clone or copy an item. """ raise exceptions.NotImplemented('Abstract method')
[docs] def update(self, item, new_values, flush=True, **kwargs): """ Given a dictionary of new values, update `item` and return it. ..note: NO validation or deserialization occurs here. """ self.session().add(item) for key, value in new_values.items(): if hasattr(item, key): setattr(item, key, value) if flush: self.session().flush() return item
[docs] def associate(self, associate_with, item, foreign_key_name=None): """ Generically associate `item` with `associate_with` based on `foreign_key_name`. """ foreign_key_name = foreign_key_name or self.foreign_key_name setattr(associate_with, foreign_key_name, item) return item
def _foreign_key(self, associated_model_class, foreign_key_name=None): foreign_key_name = foreign_key_name or self.foreign_key_name return getattr(associated_model_class, foreign_key_name)
[docs] def query_associated(self, associated_model_class, item, foreign_key_name=None): """ Generically query other items that have been associated with this `item`. """ foreign_key = self._foreign_key(associated_model_class, foreign_key_name=foreign_key_name) return self.session().query(associated_model_class).filter(foreign_key == item)
# a rename of sql DELETE to differentiate from the Galaxy notion of mark_as_deleted # def destroy( self, item, **kwargs ): # return item # ---- code for classes that use one *main* model manager # TODO: this may become unecessary if we can access managers some other way (class var, app, etc.)
[docs]class HasAModelManager: """ Mixin used where serializers, deserializers, filter parsers, etc. need some functionality around the model they're mainly concerned with and would perform that functionality with a manager. """ #: the class used to create this serializer's generically accessible model_manager model_manager_class: Type[object] # examples where this doesn't really work are ConfigurationSerializer (no manager) # and contents (2 managers)
[docs] def __init__(self, app: MinimalManagerApp, manager=None, **kwargs): self._manager = manager
@property def manager(self): """Return an appropriate manager if it exists, instantiate if not.""" # PRECONDITION: assumes is assigned elsewhere if not self._manager: # TODO: pass this serializer to it self._manager =[self.model_manager_class] # this will error for unset model_manager_class'es return self._manager
# ==== SERIALIZERS/to_dict,from_dict
[docs]class ModelSerializingError(exceptions.InternalServerError): """Thrown when request model values can't be serialized"""
[docs]class ModelDeserializingError(exceptions.ObjectAttributeInvalidException): """Thrown when an incoming value isn't usable by the model (bad type, out of range, etc.) """
[docs]class SkipAttribute(Exception): """ Raise this inside a serializer to prevent the returned dictionary from having a the associated key or value for this attribute. """
[docs]class ModelSerializer(HasAModelManager): """ Turns models into JSONable dicts. Maintains a map of requestable keys and the Callable() serializer functions that should be called for those keys. E.g. { 'x' : lambda item, key: item.x, ... } Note: if a key to serialize is not listed in the Serializer.serializable_keyset or serializers, it will not be returned. To serialize call: my_serializer = MySerializer( app ) ... keys_to_serialize = [ 'id', 'name', 'attr1', 'attr2', ... ] item_dict = MySerializer.serialize( my_item, keys_to_serialize ) """ #: 'service' to use for getting urls - use class var to allow overriding when testing url_for = staticmethod(routes.url_for) default_view: Optional[str] views: Dict[str, List[str]]
[docs] def __init__(self, app: MinimalManagerApp, **kwargs): """ Set up serializer map, any additional serializable keys, and views here. """ super().__init__(app, **kwargs) = app # a list of valid serializable keys that can use the default (string) serializer # this allows us to: 'mention' the key without adding the default serializer # TODO: we may want to eventually error if a key is requested # that is in neither serializable_keyset or serializers self.serializable_keyset: Set[str] = set() # a map of dictionary keys to the functions (often lambdas) that create the values for those keys self.serializers: Dict[str, Callable] = {} # add subclass serializers defined there self.add_serializers() # update the keyset by the serializers (removing the responsibility from subclasses) self.serializable_keyset.update(self.serializers.keys()) # views are collections of serializable attributes (a named array of keys) # inspired by model.dict_{view}_visible_keys self.views = {} self.default_view = None
[docs] def add_serializers(self): """ Register a map of attribute keys -> serializing functions that will serialize the attribute. """ self.serializers.update({ 'id': self.serialize_id, 'create_time': self.serialize_date, 'update_time': self.serialize_date, })
[docs] def add_view(self, view_name, key_list, include_keys_from=None): """ Add the list of serializable attributes `key_list` to the serializer's view dictionary under the key `view_name`. If `include_keys_from` is a proper view name, extend `key_list` by the list in that view. """ key_list = list(set(key_list + self.views.get(include_keys_from, []))) self.views[view_name] = key_list self.serializable_keyset.update(key_list) return key_list
[docs] def serialize(self, item, keys, **context): """ Serialize the model `item` to a dictionary. Given model `item` and the list `keys`, create and return a dictionary built from each key in `keys` that also exists in `serializers` and values of calling the keyed/named serializers on item. """ # TODO: constrain context to current_user/whos_asking when that's all we need (trans) returned = {} for key in keys: # check both serializers and serializable keys if key in self.serializers: try: returned[key] = self.serializers[key](item, key, **context) except SkipAttribute: # dont add this key if the deserializer threw this pass elif key in self.serializable_keyset: returned[key] = self.default_serializer(item, key, **context) # ignore bad/unreg keys return returned
[docs] def skip(self, msg='skipped'): """ To be called from inside a serializer to skip it. Handy for config checks, information hiding, etc. """ raise SkipAttribute(msg)
def _remap_from(self, original_key): if original_key in self.serializers: return self.serializers[original_key] if original_key in self.serializable_keyset: return lambda i, k, **c: self.default_serializer(i, original_key, **c) raise KeyError('serializer not found for remap: ' + original_key)
[docs] def default_serializer(self, item, key, **context): """ Serialize the `item`'s attribute named `key`. """ # TODO:?? point of change but not really necessary? return getattr(item, key)
# serializers for common galaxy objects
[docs] def serialize_date(self, item, key, **context): """ Serialize a date attribute of `item`. """ date = getattr(item, key) return date.isoformat() if date is not None else None
[docs] def serialize_id(self, item, key, **context): """ Serialize an id attribute of `item`. """ id = getattr(item, key) # Note: it may not be best to encode the id at this layer return if id is not None else None
[docs] def serialize_type_id(self, item, key, **context): """ Serialize an type-id for `item`. """ TYPE_ID_SEP = '-' type_id = getattr(item, key) if type_id is None: return None split = type_id.split(TYPE_ID_SEP, 1) # Note: it may not be best to encode the id at this layer return TYPE_ID_SEP.join((split[0],[1])))
# serializing to a view where a view is a predefied list of keys to serialize
[docs] def serialize_to_view(self, item, view=None, keys=None, default_view=None, **context): """ Use a predefined list of keys (the string `view`) and any additional keys listed in `keys`. The combinations can be: `view` only: return those keys listed in the named view `keys` only: return those keys listed no `view` or `keys`: use the `default_view` if any `view` and `keys`: combine both into one list of keys """ # TODO: default view + view makes no sense outside the API.index context - move default view there all_keys = [] keys = keys or [] # chose explicit over concise here if view: if keys: all_keys = self._view_to_keys(view) + keys else: all_keys = self._view_to_keys(view) else: if keys: all_keys = keys elif default_view: all_keys = self._view_to_keys(default_view) return self.serialize(item, all_keys, **context)
def _view_to_keys(self, view=None): """ Converts a known view into a list of keys. :raises ModelSerializingError: if the view is not listed in `self.views`. """ if view is None: view = self.default_view if view not in self.views: raise ModelSerializingError('unknown view', view=view, available_views=self.views) return self.views[view][:]
[docs]class ModelDeserializer(HasAModelManager): """ An object that converts an incoming serialized dict into values that can be directly assigned to an item's attributes and assigns them. """ # TODO:?? a larger question is: which should be first? Deserialize then validate - or - validate then deserialize?
[docs] def __init__(self, app: MinimalManagerApp, validator=None, **kwargs): """ Set up deserializers and validator. """ super().__init__(app, **kwargs) = app self.deserializers: Dict[str, Callable] = {} self.deserializable_keyset: Set[str] = set() self.add_deserializers() # a sub object that can validate incoming values self.validate = validator or ModelValidator(
[docs] def add_deserializers(self): """ Register a map of attribute keys -> functions that will deserialize data into attributes to be assigned to the item. """
# to be overridden in subclasses
[docs] def deserialize(self, item, data, flush=True, **context): """ Convert an incoming serialized dict into values that can be directly assigned to an item's attributes and assign them """ # TODO: constrain context to current_user/whos_asking when that's all we need (trans) sa_session = new_dict = {} for key, val in data.items(): if key in self.deserializers: new_dict[key] = self.deserializers[key](item, key, val, **context) # !important: don't error on unreg. keys -- many clients will add weird ass keys onto the model # TODO:?? add and flush here or in manager? if flush and len(new_dict): sa_session.add(item) sa_session.flush() return new_dict
# ... common deserializers for primitives
[docs] def default_deserializer(self, item, key, val, **context): """ If the incoming `val` is different than the `item` value change it and, in either case, return the value. """ # TODO: sets the item attribute to value (this may not work in all instances) # only do the following if val == getattr( item, key ) if hasattr(item, key) and getattr(item, key) != val: setattr(item, key, val) return val
[docs] def deserialize_basestring(self, item, key, val, convert_none_to_empty=False, **context): val = '' if (convert_none_to_empty and val is None) else self.validate.basestring(key, val) return self.default_deserializer(item, key, val, **context)
[docs] def deserialize_bool(self, item, key, val, **context): val = self.validate.bool(key, val) return self.default_deserializer(item, key, val, **context)
[docs] def deserialize_int(self, item, key, val, min=None, max=None, **context): val = self.validate.int_range(key, val, min, max) return self.default_deserializer(item, key, val, **context)
# def deserialize_date( self, item, key, val ): # #TODO: parse isoformat date into date object # ... common deserializers for Galaxy
[docs] def deserialize_genome_build(self, item, key, val, **context): """ Make sure `val` is a valid dbkey and assign it. """ val = self.validate.genome_build(key, val) return self.default_deserializer(item, key, val, **context)
[docs]class ModelValidator(HasAModelManager): """ An object that inspects a dictionary (generally meant to be a set of new/updated values for the model) and raises an error if a value is not acceptable. """
[docs] def __init__(self, app, *args, **kwargs): super().__init__(app, **kwargs) = app
[docs] def type(self, key, val, types): """ Check `val` against the type (or tuple of types) in `types`. :raises exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException: if not an instance. """ if not isinstance(val, types): msg = 'must be a type: %s' % (str(types)) raise exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException(msg, key=key, val=val) return val
# validators for primitives and compounds of primitives
[docs] def basestring(self, key, val): return self.type(key, val, (str,))
[docs] def bool(self, key, val): return self.type(key, val, bool)
[docs] def int(self, key, val): return self.type(key, val, int)
[docs] def nullable_basestring(self, key, val): """ Must be a basestring or None. """ return self.type(key, val, ((str,), type(None)))
[docs] def int_range(self, key, val, min=None, max=None): """ Must be a int between min and max. """ val = self.type(key, val, int) if min is not None and val < min: raise exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException("less than minimum", key=key, val=val, min=min) if max is not None and val > max: raise exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException("greater than maximum", key=key, val=val, max=max) return val
[docs] def basestring_list(self, key, val): """ Must be a list of basestrings. """ # TODO: Here's where compound types start becoming a nightmare. Any more or more complex # and should find a different way. val = self.type(key, val, list) return [self.basestring(key, elem) for elem in val]
# validators for Galaxy
[docs] def genome_build(self, key, val): """ Must be a valid base_string. Note: no checking against installation's ref list is done as many data sources consider this an open field. """ # TODO: is this correct? if val is None: return '?' # currently, data source sites like UCSC are able to set the genome build to non-local build names # afterwards, attempting to validate the whole model will choke here # for genome_build_shortname, longname in trans=trans ): # if val == genome_build_shortname: # return val # raise exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException( "invalid reference", key=key, val=val ) # IOW: fallback to string validation return self.basestring(key, val)
# def slug( self, item, key, val ): # """validate slug""" # pass # ==== Building query filters based on model data
[docs]class ModelFilterParser(HasAModelManager): """ Converts string tuples (partially converted query string params) of attr, op, val into either: - ORM based filters (filters that can be applied by the ORM at the SQL level) or - functional filters (filters that use derived values or values not within the SQL tables) These filters can then be applied to queries. This abstraction allows 'smarter' application of limit and offset at either the SQL level or the generator/list level based on the presence of functional filters. In other words, if no functional filters are present, limit and offset may be applied at the SQL level. If functional filters are present, limit and offset need to applied at the list level. These might be safely be replaced in the future by creating SQLAlchemy hybrid properties or more thoroughly mapping derived values. """ # ??: this class kindof 'lives' in both the world of the controllers/param-parsing and to models/orm # (as the model informs how the filter params are parsed) # I have no great idea where this 'belongs', so it's here for now model_class: type parsed_filter = parsed_filter orm_filter_parsers: Dict[str, Dict] fn_filter_parsers: Dict[str, Dict]
[docs] def __init__(self, app: MinimalManagerApp, **kwargs): """ Set up serializer map, any additional serializable keys, and views here. """ super().__init__(app, **kwargs) = app #: regex for testing/dicing iso8601 date strings, with optional time and ms, but allowing only UTC timezone self.date_string_re = re.compile(r'^(\d{4}\-\d{2}\-\d{2})[T| ]{0,1}(\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}(?:\.\d{1,6}){0,1}){0,1}Z{0,1}$') # dictionary containing parsing data for ORM/SQLAlchemy-based filters # ..note: although kind of a pain in the ass and verbose, opt-in/allowlisting allows more control # over potentially expensive queries self.orm_filter_parsers = {} #: dictionary containing parsing data for functional filters - applied after a query is made self.fn_filter_parsers = {} # set up both of the above self._add_parsers()
def _add_parsers(self): """ Set up, extend, or alter `orm_filter_parsers` and `fn_filter_parsers`. """ # note: these are the default filters for all models self.orm_filter_parsers.update({ # (prob.) applicable to all models 'id': {'op': ('in')}, 'encoded_id': {'column': 'id', 'op': ('in'), 'val': self.parse_id_list}, # dates can be directly passed through the orm into a filter (no need to parse into datetime object) 'extension': {'op': ('eq', 'like', 'in')}, 'create_time': {'op': ('le', 'ge', 'lt', 'gt'), 'val': self.parse_date}, 'update_time': {'op': ('le', 'ge', 'lt', 'gt'), 'val': self.parse_date}, })
[docs] def parse_filters(self, filter_tuple_list): """ Parse string 3-tuples (attr, op, val) into orm or functional filters. """ # TODO: allow defining the default filter op in this class (and not 'eq' in base/ parsed = [] for (attr, op, val) in filter_tuple_list: filter_ = self.parse_filter(attr, op, val) parsed.append(filter_) return parsed
[docs] def parse_filter(self, attr, op, val): """ Attempt to parse filter as a custom/fn filter, then an orm filter, and if neither work - raise an error. :raises exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException: if no functional or orm filter can be parsed. """ try: # check for a custom filter fn_filter = self._parse_fn_filter(attr, op, val) if fn_filter is not None: return fn_filter # if no custom filter found, try to make an ORM filter # note: have to use explicit is None here, bool( sqlalx.filter ) == False orm_filter = self._parse_orm_filter(attr, op, val) if orm_filter is not None: return orm_filter # by convention, assume most val parsers raise ValueError except ValueError as val_err: raise exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException('unparsable value for filter', column=attr, operation=op, value=val, ValueError=str(val_err)) # if neither of the above work, raise an error with how-to info # TODO: send back all valid filter keys in exception for added user help raise exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException('bad filter', column=attr, operation=op)
# ---- fn filters def _parse_fn_filter(self, attr, op, val): """ Attempt to parse a non-ORM filter function. """ # fn_filter_list is a dict: fn_filter_list[ attr ] = { 'opname1' : opfn1, 'opname2' : opfn2, etc. } # attr, op is a nested dictionary pointing to the filter fn attr_map = self.fn_filter_parsers.get(attr, None) if not attr_map: return None allowed_ops = attr_map.get('op') # allowed ops is a map here, op => fn filter_fn = allowed_ops.get(op, None) if not filter_fn: return None # parse the val from string using the 'val' parser if present (otherwise, leave as string) val_parser = attr_map.get('val', None) if val_parser: val = val_parser(val) # curry/partial and fold the val in there now return self.parsed_filter(filter_type="function", filter=lambda i: filter_fn(i, val)) # ---- ORM filters def _parse_orm_filter(self, attr, op, val): """ Attempt to parse a ORM-based filter. Using SQLAlchemy, this would yield a sql.elements.BinaryExpression. """ # orm_filter_list is a dict: orm_filter_list[ attr ] = <list of allowed ops> column_map = self.orm_filter_parsers.get(attr, None) if not column_map: # no column mapping (not allowlisted) return None if callable(column_map): return self.parsed_filter(filter_type="orm_function", filter=column_map(attr, op, val)) # attr must be an allowlisted column by attr name or by key passed in column_map # note: column_map[ 'column' ] takes precedence if 'column' in column_map: attr = column_map['column'] column = self.model_class.table.columns.get(attr) if column is None: # could be a property (hybrid_property, etc.) - assume we can make a filter from it column = getattr(self.model_class, attr) if column is None: # no orm column return None # op must be allowlisted: contained in the list orm_filter_list[ attr ][ 'op' ] allowed_ops = column_map.get('op') if op not in allowed_ops: return None op = self._convert_op_string_to_fn(column, op) if not op: return None # parse the val from string using the 'val' parser if present (otherwise, leave as string) val_parser = column_map.get('val', None) if val_parser: val = val_parser(val) orm_filter = op(val) return self.parsed_filter(filter_type="orm", filter=orm_filter) #: these are the easier/shorter string equivalents to the python operator fn names that need '__' around them UNDERSCORED_OPS = ('lt', 'le', 'eq', 'ne', 'ge', 'gt') def _convert_op_string_to_fn(self, column, op_string): """ Convert the query string filter op shorthand into actual ORM usable function names, then return the ORM function. """ # correct op_string to usable function key fn_name = op_string if op_string in self.UNDERSCORED_OPS: fn_name = '__' + op_string + '__' elif op_string == 'in': fn_name = 'in_' # get the column fn using the op_string and error if not a callable attr # TODO: special case 'not in' - or disallow? op_fn = getattr(column, fn_name, None) if not op_fn or not callable(op_fn): return None return op_fn # ---- preset fn_filters: dictionaries of standard filter ops for standard datatypes
[docs] def string_standard_ops(self, key): return { 'op': { 'eq': lambda i, v: v == getattr(i, key), 'contains': lambda i, v: v in getattr(i, key), } }
# --- more parsers! yay! # TODO: These should go somewhere central - we've got ~6 parser modules/sections now
[docs] def parse_bool(self, bool_string): """ Parse a boolean from a string. """ # Be strict here to remove complexity of options (but allow already parsed). if bool_string in ('True', True): return True if bool_string in ('False', False): return False raise ValueError('invalid boolean: ' + str(bool_string))
[docs] def parse_id_list(self, id_list_string, sep=','): """ Split `id_list_string` at `sep`. """ # TODO: move id decoding out id_list = [ for id_ in id_list_string.split(sep)] return id_list
[docs] def parse_int_list(self, int_list_string, sep=','): """ Split `int_list_string` at `sep` and parse as ints. """ # TODO: move id decoding out int_list = [int(v) for v in int_list_string.split(sep)] return int_list
[docs] def parse_date(self, date_string): """ Reformats a string containing either seconds from epoch or an iso8601 formated date string into a new date string usable within a filter query. Seconds from epoch can be a floating point value as well (i.e containing ms). """ # assume it's epoch if no date separator is present try: epoch = float(date_string) datetime_obj = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(epoch) return datetime_obj.isoformat(sep=' ') except ValueError: pass match = self.date_string_re.match(date_string) if match: date_string = ' '.join(group for group in match.groups() if group) return date_string raise ValueError('datetime strings must be in the ISO 8601 format and in the UTC')
[docs] def raise_filter_err(self, attr, op, val, msg): raise exceptions.RequestParameterInvalidException(msg, column=attr, operation=op, val=val)
[docs]def is_valid_slug(slug): """Returns true iff slug is valid.""" VALID_SLUG_RE = re.compile(r"^[a-z0-9\-]+$") return VALID_SLUG_RE.match(slug)